Mount Agung or Gunung Agung is a mountain in Bali. This stratovolcano is the highest point on the island. The Balinese believe that Mount Agung is is a replica of Mount Meru, the central axis of the universe. The most important temple on Bali, Pura Besakih, is located high on the slopes of Gunung Agung.
Gunung Agung last erupted in 1963-64 and is still active, with a large and very deep crater which occasionally belches smoke and ash. From a distance, the mountain appears to be perfectly conical, despite the existence of the large crater.
From the peak of the mountain, it is possible to see the peak of Mount Rinjani on the island of Lombok, although both mountains are frequently covered in clouds.
Climbing the Mountain
There are two routes up the mountain, one from Besakih which proceeds to a higher peak and starts at approximately 1,100 m (3,610 ft) and another which commences higher from Pura Pasar Agung, on the southern slope of the mountain, near Selat and which is reputed to take four hours. Cecilie Scott provides an account of the ascent from Pura Pasar Agung.
Guides are available in Besakih and the mountain can also be climbed without a guide. The climb from Besakih is quite tough. It is far harder than the more popular Balinese climb up Gunung Batur. There is no water available along the route.
There is little potential to get lost until the route opens up towards the top where the correct route doubles backwards.